10 things you didn’t know about St David

Picture of the Welsh flag and St David's flag being waved at St David's Day celebrations
Flags at the St David's Day celebrations. Photo credit: National Assembly for Wales

This article was published by the Great British Mag team on 28 February 2018.

St David is the patron saint of Wales. His feast day, St David’s Day, is on 1 March and is celebrated in Wales by children and adults wearing traditional dress and either carrying or wearing a leek or daffodil.  

If you don’t know anything about St David, read on to find out about the many legends that surround him.  

1) He set up 12 monasteries in his lifetime. St David was very strict; he believed that monks should abstain from all worldly pleasures and endure hard labour including ploughing the fields without an ox.

2) There is a myth that he could perform miracles. On one occasion, he raised the ground beneath him into a hill so his sermon could be heard by all.

3) It is rumoured he survived being poisoned by the monks at his monastery, who were tired of the austerity under which he forced them to live.

4) St David is the only patron saint of the British Isles who was actually born here. St Patrick was a Romano-British missionary, St George was a Roman soldier of Greek extraction, and St Andrew was from Palestine.

5) The proper greeting on St David’s Day is “Dydd Gŵyl Dewi hapus,” or “Happy St David’s Day.”

6) Legend has it that St Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, foresaw David’s birth.

7) People in Wales often wear or carry leeks in remembrance of St David. Legend has it he advised the Welsh soldiers to wear leeks in the battle against the Saxons so that they could distinguish allies from enemies. They won the battle and leeks became a Welsh symbol.

8) St David’s Day is not a bank holiday in Wales, even though St Andrew’s Day in Scotland and St Patrick’s Day in Northern Ireland are bank holidays.

9) A nickname for a Welshman is “taffy.” St David was the inspiration for the nickname; word derives from the Welsh spelling of his name, “Dafydd.”

10) The flag of St David is a yellow cross on a black background. Unlike the flags of St Andrew, St George and St Patrick, which are all represented on the Union Jack, the flag of St David is missing!

You might also want to read

What is St David’s Day?

Five facts about St George

Who was Saint Patrick?