tips for studying in the uk
British universities probably run quite differently to what you’re used to, so to help you understand the British educational system we’ve explained a few basic things to get you started.
Teaching style at a UK university
Although teaching styles and the way courses are taught vary greatly depending on what you're studying and where, you can expect to come across some of the following:
Lectures in UK universities take place in large halls or theatres often with students from different courses. They last about an hour and usually, a lecturer delivers a presentation and students are expected to take notes. Sometimes the lecturer will distribute notes based on their presentation and you can normally download the PowerPoint slides afterwards. Lectures are less interactive than a seminar, but there is always a Q&A session at the end, which is your opportunity to challenge or get clarification on any issues.
Seminars differ from lectures as they normally take the form of an open discussion or more of a 'classroom' style lesson. It's an interactive form of teaching where the seminar tutor will discuss the points from the previous lecture and sometimes the classes are completely student led. You're often asked to prepare presentations and can sometimes be marked on your spoken contribution to the class. If this makes you a little nervous, we recommend you try and get involved vocally as early as possible, because the earlier you do it the easier it gets. If you're ever unsure of anything or have something to ask then just raise your hand – seminar tutors are there to help you!
During each module (subject), you'll be expected to hand in a series of assignments, which can depend on your chosen course but usually include essays and exams. Your seminar tutors will be able to give you some guidance about your assignments and your module handbook will also outline what is expected from you.
Group work is a typical part of university life in the UK, and in most cases you'll be working on projects and presentations together. Sometimes you'll be given a project by a company or organisation depending on the kind of course you're doing, which is a great opportunity to build links with industry.
In group work the teaching staff are on hand to answer questions but leave it to the students to manage their time, interpret the task and work together as a team to prepare a formal presentation to deliver to your peers or if it's an external brief to the company or organisation.
How do I reference?
It is really important that you reference all your essays, which simply means highlighting the books and other research materials you've used. If you're using extracts, they should also be clearly highlighted.
The two most popular styles of referencing used at British universities are the Harvard System and the MLA style, but do check with your tutors what style the university you are studying at prefers. If you want a quick course in referencing and using sources check out this excellent website.
You should be aware that universities take plagiarism (which is copying other people's work or printing things straight from the internet and claiming it's your own) very seriously and you can loose marks or even be expelled from your course. But remember, it's good to quote lots of work and people in your essays, just reference them correctly!
Useful study hints and tips
- Ensure you make full use of all the resources on offer to you at your university – you've paid for it after all! Develop a good understanding of how your library works (there will be guided tours at the start of the academic year), as nothing beats a good library session to aid your research.
- You will be allotted a tutor for different subjects, so if you're having trouble with a certain subject then don't be afraid to seek help. Go and see them during office hours, email them or phone them and they will do their best to help you.
- If English is not your first language, you might find essay/assignment writing tricky at first. Sometimes other students advertise themselves as proof-readers, so look them up if you want someone to read through your work. Otherwise make full use of your English speaking friends – they won't mind glancing over what you've written!
- University isn't just about studying – it's about fun too! Take a break from your hard work and join as many clubs and societies that interest you. These provide great relief from your courses and are a wonderful way to make friends, exercise and get involved with your university.
How does the marking system work at a UK university?
If you're doing a degree, you'll be marked in the following way:
For an undergraduate degree:
- 1st (First Class Honours): 70% and above (clever clogs)
- 2.1 (Second Class Honours, Division One or Upper Tier): 60-69%
- 2.2 (Second Class Honours, Division Two or Lower Tier): 50-59%
- 3rd (Third Class Honours): 40-49%
- Ordinary Degree: Some universities offer a degree without honours for those who have not achieved a high enough grade for an honours degree.
- Fail: Below 40%
For a masters degree:
- Distinction: 70% or over (job well done)
- Merit: 60-69%
- Pass: 40-59%
- Fail: below 40%
Broadly speaking, these classifications are like A,B,C & D grades, though they are a bit more flexible than that. A First Class Honours degree at a UK university is a brilliant achievement, and a 2.1 is also a very good grade. Many employers look for a 2.1 degree or above. A 2.2 degree is also a fine mark and a lot of jobs also state this as the minimum qualification required.
If you aren't doing your whole degree in the UK, make sure to look at how your English marks will be translated into your grades at your home university as that will give you a good idea what to aim for.